Database of Paradigmatic Semantic Relation Pairs for German Adjectives, Nouns, Verbs

The database is a collection of semantically related word pairs in German which was compiled via human judgement experiments hosted on Amazon Mechanical Turk. We address the three paradigmatic relations antonymy, hypernymy and synonymy. The database consists of three parts:

  1. A representative selection of target lexical units drawn from GermaNet, using a principled sampling technique and taking into account the three major word classes adjectives, nouns, and verbs, which are balanced according to semantic category, polysemy, and type frequency.
  2. A set of 8,910 human-generated semantically related word pairs, based on the target lexical units.
  3. A subset of 1,684 semantically related word pairs, rated for the strengths of relations.

Our dataset fulfils the following criteria:

The resource is freely available for education, research and other non-commercial purposes. See here on how to obtain the data.


Silke Scheible, Sabine Schulte im Walde
A Database of Paradigmatic Semantic Relation Pairs for German Nouns, Verbs, and Adjectives
In: Proceedings of the COLING Workshop on Lexical and Grammatical Resources for Language Processing. Dublin, Ireland, August 2014.