Affective Norms: Abstractness, Arousal, Imageability, Valence

This resource contains a collection of 350,000 German lemmatised words, rated on four psycholinguistic attributes. All ratings were obtained via a supervised learning algorithm that automatically calculates a numerical rating for each word and each affective attribute.

We applied the algorithm to four different rating types: abstractness, arousal, imageability and valence:

The data are freely available for education, research and other non-commercial purposes. See here on how to obtain the data.


Maximilian Köper, Sabine Schulte im Walde
Automatically Generated Norms of Abstractness, Arousal, Imageability and Valence for 350 000 German Lemmas
In: Proceedings of the 10th Conference on Language Resources and Evaluation (LREC). Portoroz, Slovenia, May 2016.